Teenage youth are known for their mood changes, addiction to social media, and strange fashion trends, but some of them preferred to excel in other matters, as there is a younger generation of young people eager to solve the problems of our world today by creating pioneering and effective technical means.

Four teenagers present inventions that may change the world
Four teenagers present inventions that may change the world

Here is a shortlist of four amazing teenagers who are shaping a new world with a wider horizon, whose innovations may motivate you to achieve and not make you feel diminished!

Kiyana Café, 18 years old - New Orleans

Café's innovation journey began with the oil spill disaster from the Deepwater Horizon rig in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010, leaving a slick of offshore oil that is the largest in human history, with a volume of 4.9 million barrels (210 million gallons or 780 thousand cubic meters) of oil over one The most environmentally important water bodies on the planet.

The disaster soon caused severe damage, as baby dolphins began to die at nearly six times the normal rate, while fishermen and scientists witnessed many deformities among marine organisms.

The Deepwater Horizon rig disaster caused enormous damage to the ecosystem in the Gulf of Mexico
The Deepwater Horizon rig disaster caused enormous damage to the ecosystem in the Gulf of Mexico

Immediately, Café realized that other environmental damage must have occurred, contrary to what was revealed by the initial reports on television, so her interest was in knowing the dimensions of the disaster better.

Before she was fifteen, she studied how oil affects the new surroundings above the ocean surface and found that exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays produced carcinogenic chemicals.

Today, Café focuses its efforts on two scientific types of research and on the issuance of two patents related to chemical methods to monitor carcinogens, and has established a company named Mary to find ways to reduce carcinogenic substances to reduce their harm - in addition to receiving funding for one million and 200 thousand dollars (860 thousand pounds) for its research Sterling).

Rafa Sharuk, 18 years old - India

Since his childhood, Sharrock used to star for hours at the lens of his telescope with the encouragement of his father, until the father Muhammad, who was a professor and scientist, died while his son was still in elementary school.

Even so, Sharrock's fondness for space continued. As he reached his early teens, he joined Space Kids India, an Indian organization that aims to develop an interest in technology among young people. Sharrock formed a team of six, and for the next four years working on creating a satellite with the support of the organization's director and founder.

The youngsters discussed their plans for several nights via video calls that lasted until the early hours of the morning until they were able to invent the (Kalam-Sat) satellite, which is the lightest satellite in the world.

The satellite (Clam-Sat) weighs no more than 64 grams, that is, the weight of a large battery. It is in the form of a cube with a side of 3.8 centimeters, made of plastic with 3D printing technology, and supported by carbon fibers.

The cube contains many sensors to measure the temperature, magnetic field, and altitude, and to monitor any problems that the satellite might encounter while swimming in space. The moon has its own battery, as well as a small computer to control the work of the sensors and store the data that flow through them.

The young innovators planned to launch the Klam-Sat satellite to orbit in low orbit to test the ability of the enhanced plastics to withstand weak gravity - and scientists are known to use lightweight materials as much as possible in space, as launching one pound (450 grams) of that Materials in space cost about ten thousand dollars - so that the fledgling satellite spends only twelve minutes in space collecting data before it falls to Earth and falls into the sea.

Indeed, NASA launched the satellite on June 22, 2017, successfully from the base of Walpas Island in Virginia, the same spot that the famous Indian rocket scientist and former president of the country, Abu Bakr Zain Al-Abidin Abdul Kalam, visited more than fifty years ago, and then the reason is understood. In naming the moon (Kalam-sat).

Hannah Herbst, 17, Florida

Herbst was the first to inspire the invention, when she was still fifteen years old, her correspondent friend, who was then nine, and lived in Ethiopia, as she had no electricity for lighting - which is a common occurrence, as there are 1.3 billion people living in our world today. Without electricity. This led the American student Herbst to invent what she called the "bacon" or "lighthouse", whose initials she intended to be an abbreviation for the phrase (delivering electricity to countries through ocean energy), an invention that relies on ocean waves to generate energy directly.

The Lighthouse project can generate electricity from almost any water source
The Lighthouse project can generate electricity from almost any water source

Herbst stated that many of the population centers are concentrated around water bodies, as about 40 percent of the world's population lives within 100 kilometers (62 miles) or less from a seacoast or ocean, and only ten percent live at a distance of more than ten kilometers (6.2 miles) from a surface freshwater source, such as rivers or lakes.

Herbst invented a device that is a hollow plastic tube, with one end of a fan, and on the other a hydroelectric generator, so that the waves move the fan, generating energy that can be used. Herbst used a computer to develop a prototype of the generator and then printed it with a 3D print feature to try it out in a waterway.

If the invention was popularized, Herbst estimates that it would generate enough energy to charge three car batteries simultaneously within an hour. Among her proposals, is to use the generated energy to operate water purification technologies and blood separators in hospitals in developing countries.

Her invention won the 2015 "Little Scientist" competition organized by the "Discovery Education" and "3M" for American school students. And it wasn't the only award that Herbst received, who is currently studying for a degree in computer engineering while completing her high school education.

Julian Rios Canto, 18 years old - Mexico

This inventor was not older than thirteen when his mother was diagnosed with breast cancer, and he took care of how the tumor grew from the size of a grain of rice to the size of a golf ball in less than six months, until the mother ended up losing her breasts, with her body clear of cancer at the end of treatment.

Years later, Kanto worked to protect other women from this disease, as he and three of his companions founded the "Higia Technologies" company to develop a device that women can wear to monitor the first signs of breast cancer.

The Eva bra may not be required for more than one hour per week
The Eva bra may not be required for more than one hour per week

Canto and his colleagues designed a bra called Eva, which includes sensors that fit over the bra, and may not be required for more than an hour a week. This innovation detects any changes in skin temperature and elasticity, which are among many signs that may indicate disease.

And each time the woman wears that bra, the device sends data to the company's app, which includes artificial intelligence algorithms that measure the risk potential.

The device has so far received $ 20,000 (14,300 pounds) in funding after winning an international prize for innovative students. However, the invention needs to be laboratory tested to reach the commercialization stage, as no similar techniques have been previously proven effective.

However, the success of such a project would save millions of women, as nearly 1.7 million new cases of breast cancer were diagnosed in 2012 alone, and the disease in the same year resulted in the death of more than half a million people, while an early diagnosis is indispensable to get rid Of the disease.

Today's youngsters are not the first to embark on the path of innovation, as the past also witnessed winning minds that flourished at a young age from innovations that benefited humanity, including television, the phone, and the "trampoline" sports jumping device, as well as writing braille for the blind, computers, and candy lollipops. , Earplugs.

The inventors of these things fought the path of invention before the age of twenty, and then there is no room for underestimating the innovations of these four students. Who knows, perhaps tomorrow they will be like Thomas Edison or Elon Musk!

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