Tips for pregnant women

 There are many tips that are given to a pregnant woman, especially during the first three months, the most important of which are the following:

Advice for a pregnant woman in the first trimester | For a healthy pregnancy
Advice for a pregnant woman in the first trimester | For a healthy pregnancy

Arrange an appointment to see a doctor

The woman must arrange an appointment to visit the doctor as soon as she becomes aware of Pregnancy, and the date of this visit is between the eighth and twelfth week of pregnancy, and this visit may need some time; In it, clear information is obtained about the health of the pregnant woman, her husband's health, and the family's medical history.

Maintaining body moisture

A pregnant woman must drink more water and fresh juices to maintain body moisture, because the pregnant woman needs more fluids than others, due to the increase in blood volume to meet the nutritional and oxygen requirements of the fetus, and it can be known whether the amount of fluids a pregnant woman drinks is sufficient or not from During the color of urine, the light yellow color indicates drinking sufficient quantities of fluids, and the dark yellow color indicates the opposite, which may lead to dehydration and not maintaining body moisture, and the risks that are less likely to occur when drinking sufficient quantities of fluids are mentioned:

  • Preterm labor
  • Kidney stones form.
  • Headache and dizziness.
  • Constipation or even hemorrhoids.

Take vitamins and supplements

The pregnant woman must take the necessary nutritional supplements during pregnancy as recommended by the doctor, and it should be noted that folic acid and vitamin D are the two nutritional supplements that a pregnant woman needs during pregnancy, but the doctor may prescribe other nutritional supplements if the need arises. For the supplements a pregnant woman needs:

  • Folic acid: Folic acid is one of the essential nutrients that protect the fetus from birth defects that may occur in the brain and spinal cord, such as neural tube defects, and it should be noted that it is recommended that women start taking folic acid three months before pregnancy and continue taking it during the first trimester of pregnancy, However, if a woman did not take folic acid before pregnancy, she should start taking it as soon as she knew she was pregnant and she should continue taking it until the end of the first trimester, and the recommended dose of folic acid is 400 micrograms per day.
  • Vitamin D: Vitamin D helps the child build healthy teeth, bones and muscles, in addition to it helps to regulate the levels of calcium and phosphate in the body of a pregnant woman, and the recommended dose of vitamin D for a pregnant woman is usually 10 micrograms per day.
  • Iron: Iron is prescribed to pregnant women to prevent anemia during pregnancy, in addition to pregnant women who suffer from anemia caused by iron deficiency or deficiency.
  • Other supplements as needed: The doctor may prescribe calcium and zinc for the pregnant woman to meet her daily needs, in addition to omega-3s of both types; Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which help the growth and development of the child's brain.

Ensure that the drug is safe for the pregnant woman before taking it

Some drugs may negatively affect the fetus, so you must be careful when taking any medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, and therefore we recommend asking your doctor before using any medicine, as some medicines and herbal supplements may lead to serious complications, including these Complications:

  • Miscarriage.
  • Painful contractions.
  • Premature birth.

Quit Smoking

The pregnant woman must quit smoking and avoid second-hand smoking (passive smoking) to have a healthy and healthy pregnancy, in addition to avoiding electronic cigarettes; In addition to its negative public health effects; It harms the health of the mother and her fetus during pregnancy, as smoking increases the risk of many health problems. Like:

  • Damage to brain cells and lungs in the fetus.
  • Birth defects such as cleft lip or cleft palate.
  • learning difficulties.
  • Increased likelihood of newborns smoking a habit of smoking at an early age.
  • Decreased body immunity.
  • A baby is born with a lower weight than normal.
  • An ectopic pregnancy.
  • Premature birth.
  • Miscarriage.
  • The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome, symbolized by (SIDS).

Reducing caffeine consumption

The pregnant woman should reduce the consumption of foods and drinks that contain large amounts of caffeine, and in general, it is advised that the amount of caffeine you consume does not exceed 200 mg per day, so it is advised to reduce drinking soft drinks, green and black tea, and to limit the intake of chocolate, as the excessive consumption of Caffeine can lead to many complications, such as:

  • Premature birth.
  • For congenital disorders.
  • Low birth weight of the baby.
  • Miscarriage.

Avoid foods banned during pregnancy

A pregnant woman should follow a healthy and balanced diet that supplies her body with all the nutrients that she and her child need, and it should be noted that most pregnant women do not need additional calories in the first or second trimester, but the pregnant woman should avoid some foods during pregnancy because they may contain On bacteria, parasites, toxins, or other reasons that may harm the health of the child, we mention from these foods the following:

  • Unpasteurized dairy products, raw or partially cooked eggs, or foods that may contain them (such as mayonnaise), unless they comply with food safety standards and standards, these products may increase the risk of salmonella infection, leading to bouts of diarrhea and severe vomiting. This infection does not harm the fetus.
  • Some types of cheeses; Like soft moldy cheeses, such as Camembert and soft blue cheese, in addition to unpasteurized milk, these cheeses may increase the risk of infection with Listeria, and it should be noted that hard cheeses cooked are safe to use during pregnancy, such as cheddar cheese, Parmesan cheese, Stilton cheese, and crunchy cheese.
  • Raw or undercooked meat, as well as unwashed vegetables and fruits; may increase the risk of contracting toxoplasmosis.
  • Liver or liver products such as liver pate, if consumed in large quantities or repeatedly, as the liver contains large amounts of vitamin A, negatively affects the growth and development of the fetus.
  • Some types of fish such as shark, swordfish, or marlin fish, as these fish contain large amounts of mercury, in addition to dioxins, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), as these substances negatively affect the development of the fetus, so women are advised. During pregnancy, not to eat more than 4 medium-sized cans of tuna per week, and not to eat more than two servings a week of oily fish such as salmon, trout or trout, mackerel, and herring.

Knowing the symptoms that indicate a danger

There are some symptoms that occur during pregnancy that should not be ignored, and you need to see a doctor, including the following:

  • Vaginal bleeding.
  • Feeling of sudden and sharp pain or cramps in the abdominal area continuously.
  • Feeling pain when urinating.
  • Slowing or changing fetal movement.
  • Water draining around the fetus, known colloquially as cephalic discharge.
  • Itching, especially in the hands or feet.
  • Suffering from severe or persistent headaches.
  • Swelling of the face, hands, or legs.
  • Blurred vision or spots in front of the eye.
  • Excessive vaginal secretions, or foul-smelling vaginal secretions.

Get enough rest

Rapid changes in the level of hormones may cause you to feel tired and exhausted, which is common during the first three months, and here are some tips that can be followed to get rid of fatigue and exhaustion:

  • Pick a good time to go to bed every night, wake up at about the same time every day in the morning, turn off your cell phone and not think about work.
  • Relaxing on the sofa, or reading a book if you are not drowsy.
  • Sleeping on one side, as lying on the stomach will not be comfortable due to the growth of the abdomen during pregnancy, and lying on the back may affect the blood flow of the child, in addition to sleeping on one side during the last trimester of pregnancy reduces the risk of stillbirth.

Other tips for pregnant women

In addition to the above tips, here are more tips:

  • Refrain from drinking alcohol.
  • Prepare to receive the child.
  • Do appropriate exercise after asking and consulting a doctor.
  • Take care and caution when using cleaning materials and chemicals in general, and avoid using prohibited materials during pregnancy, and even permissible, it is recommended to wear gloves when using them, in addition to making sure to ventilate the room in which the materials are used and keep its windows open for a sufficient period of time.
  • Massage if you suffer from back pain or headache.
  • Get a flu shot.
  • Dental review.
  • Avoid saunas.

Tips for dealing with pregnancy nausea

Many pregnant women suffer from nausea (self-consciousness) during the first three months of pregnancy, and the feeling of nausea usually disappears between weeks 16-20, and there are many tips that can be followed to relieve pregnancy nausea, including the following:

  • Eat small meals several times a day.
  • See a doctor if you vomit several times a day, as a woman may have severe morning sickness known as gestational vomiting.
  • Identify and avoid foods that cause nausea, such as fatty foods, spicy foods, or foods with an unpleasant odor.
  • Choose foods high in carbohydrates, such as baked potatoes, white rice, and toast.
  • Eat light foods when feeling nauseous, such as salted biscuits, gelatin desserts, frozen popsicles, chicken broth, ginger drink, and pastries, and the pregnant woman is also advised to put pieces of baked chips in a box near the bed to eat a piece of them before getting up, which in turn helps relieve the feeling Nauseously.
  • See a doctor if you feel nauseous when taking the necessary nutritional supplements during pregnancy, as the doctor may adjust the nutritional supplements according to the woman's condition.

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